A lot of people who have kidney problems don’t know it because the early signs might usually be very minimal. It could take years for patients to go from Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) to Kidney Failure. Some people may even live out their lives without reaching the Kidney failure stage. People with Stage 3 CKD have the least likelihood of ever having their kidneys fail.
Knowledge is power, be it any stage of kidney disease that you are in. Knowing the most common symptoms of kidney disease can help you get your condition treated in the best possible way. If you or someone you know has one or more of the following symptoms of CKD, or you worry about kidney problems, see a doctor for blood and urine tests. Remember, many of the symptoms can be caused by other health problems. The only way to know the real cause of your symptoms is to see your doctor.
However, listed below are some of the most alarming signs of Kidney Diseases:
1. Changes in Urination
Kidneys are responsible for making urine, so when they are not at their best, the urine levels could change.
- You may have to get up at night to urinate.
- Urine may be foamy or bubbly.
- You may urinate more often, or in greater amounts than usual, with pale urine.
- You may urinate less often, or in smaller amounts than usual, with dark-colored urine.
- Your urine may contain blood.
- You may feel pressure or have difficulty urinating.
Faulty kidneys are unable to get rid of extra fluid. That leads to swelling of legs, ankles, feet, face or hands.
Correctly-functioning kidneys make a hormone called erythropoietin (EPO), that signals to our body to make oxygen-carrying red blood cells. As the kidneys fail, they make less EPO. With fewer red blood cells to carry oxygen, your muscles and brain tend to get tired very quickly. This is called anemia, and it can be treated.
4. Rash Skin / Itching
Kidneys are also responsible for excreting waste from the blood stream. So if the kidneys fail, extra waste can build up in our blood which can cause itching in our skin.
5. Ammonia Breath
Extra build-up of wastes in the blood is known as Uremia. Uremia can make food taste different to us and can also cause bad breath. Other symptoms may include unwillingness to eat meat or weight loss due to less diet.
6. Nausea and Vomiting
Uremia can also lead to nausea and vomiting. Nausea can make a patient unwilling to eat. Lack of appetite can lead to weight loss.
7. Shortness of Breath
Shortness of Breath can by a symptom of a variety of diseases. But trouble catching your breath can be related to kidney issues in two ways. First up, extra fluid in the body may build up in the lungs. Secondly, Anemia can leave your body with lessened levels oxygen and hence, shortage of breath.
Anemia patients tend to feel cold all the time, even in warm environments.
9. Dizziness / Mental Fatigue
Anemia can reduce the amount of oxygen being transferred to the brain. This can cause memory issues, trouble concentrating and dizziness.
10. Leg / Flank Pain
Some people with faulty kidneys may experience pain in the upper back (where the kidneys are) or on the same side as the affected kidney.