In China, the wait for a vital organ is less than a month, and over 10,000 organs are transplanted peryear. With no effective donation system, where do these organs come from? They come from prisioners, Falun Gong practitioners, Uighurs, Tibetans, House Christians, muslim minorities and Burma. All of this is done behind the curtains and this is a billion dollar industry. Yet, as many as 10,000 organ transplants continue to occur in China each year.
Matas is co-author of two books on the subject, Bloody Harvest: The Killing of Falun Gong for Their Organs and State Organs: Transplant Abuse in China. His work on drawing attention to the issue worldwide since 2006 garnered him a Nobel Peace Prize nomination in 2010.
He said detained Falun Gong practitioners are routinely blood-tested and have their organs examined while other prisoners do not.
“The blood testing and organ examination could not have been for the health of the Falun Gong practitioners since they had been tortured—but it would have been necessary for organ transplants,” he said.
China has a minimal organ donation system, Matas said, yet about 10,000 transplants are carried out per year. Beijing’s official explanation has traditionally been that the organs came from prisoners sentenced to death.
Matas and former MP David Kilgour published their initial report on illicit organ harvesting in China in 2006, and in the following years the regime made noises about shifting organ transplantation from death-row prisoners to donors.
In April this year, however, health authorities publicly abandoned the commitment to end the sourcing of organs from prisoners, a development that doesn’t bode well for prisoners of conscience, Matas said.
“If the killing of prisoners for organs ended, then the killing of prisoners of conscience for organs would also end. The fact that the killing of prisoners for organs is now the official policy even of the reform elements of the Chinese transplant system means that the possibility of this shortcut to ending the killing of prisoners of conscience for organs is gone.”
Waiting times for transplants of organs in China are days and weeks, Matas noted, while everywhere else in they are months and years.
“A short waiting time for a deceased donor transplant means that someone is being killed for that transplant,” Matas said.
He said there is a “heavy militarization of transplantation” in China, and hospitals with a ready supply of available organs are often military hospitals.
“Even in civilian hospitals, the doctors performing operations are often military personnel. The military have a common culture with prison guards and readier access to prisoners as organ sources than civilian hospitals and civilian personnel do,” he said.
“In China, the military is a conglomerate business and the sale of organs is a prime source of funds.”
Falun Gong, also called Falun Dafa, is an ancient Chinese spiritual discipline that had between 70 and 100 million adherents when the Chinese regime launched a crackdown on it in 1999. The resulting campaign of persecution, which continues today, has seen tens of thousands of practitioners imprisoned and tortured, and countless families torn apart.
Nearly 4,000 practitioners have been confirmed dead as a result of the persecution, with up to 65,000 killed for their organs, according to estimates by Ethan Gutmann, a U.S. author who has been writing about Falun Gong since 2002.