Science dedicates itself to the discovery of the objective facts about the world around us. The more we know about the world, the easier it is to live in it. Some people undermine the importance of scientists in the modern society and think that scientific research demands too much funding. However, scientific discoveries are crucial for the life of modern society.
How science helps us everyday
Almost all of the most indispensable everyday things that we use have been discovered in the process of scientific research (except for those discovered by accident).
Electricity and electronic devices. Electricity was a scientific discovery of the late 1700s, and has boosted the majority of technological discoveries. We use electricity everyday – city planning, mobile technology, television, radio – they all depend on electricity to just simply function.
Technology. Scientific research is the only way new technologies can be discovered and implemented in life. For example, in order to increase your iPhone’s battery power, a group of engineers and designers need to brainstorm ideas and then conduct a series of experiments to see if their ideas would work. Experiment in itself is the most common scientific method, known across all scientific fields. With its help, scientists have discovered the majority of new facts about our world, like:
– light bulb
– magnetic field
Technological advancement is no exception. So, all household electronics, mobile technology, Wi-Fi, Cloud technology and so on (the list is virtually endless) were all created thanks to science.
Better health and life expectancy
Medicine. It is very hard to deny that medicine has made huge progress in the recent centuries. In the Middle Ages, when science did not have support from the state and was hugely underestimated and underfunded, people used to die every day from things you never knew could kill you. An appendicitis or the flu were deadly, and they would cut off limbs as a result of a simple infection. The discovery of penicillin, vaccines against leprosy, smallpox and other deadly diseases, the extermination of plague – are all results of medical research. The more recent medical advancements include MRI and CT scan machines, which help diagnose deadly diseases faster and easier. Not to mention the DNA-altering technologies, like CRISPR. These could change the way children are born forever by potentially eliminating bad genes from the DNA before birth.
Pharmaceutics is another area of human activity that depends hugely on scientific research. Thanks to extensive funding, new medicines are being discovered as you are reading this article. Among the most awaited medicines are cancer and HIV vaccines, and science has already made huge progress with this.
Further advancement of science
The main challenge for scientific research nowadays is oftentimes insufficient funding. Some fields of research are funded better because of commercial purposes, and, for this reason, many areas like linguistics, history, paleontology are left behind in many countries. With the help of educational measures and science popularization, there is hope that more people will get involved with science. All scientific fields should have a chance to strive.
Also, in many countries, being a scientist is not a well-paid job. For this reason, many young talented people choose other educational paths. However, this can also be aided by attracting more government funding to the major scientific areas.
by Rebecca Vaxon