Glucose is a type of sugar present in our blood which our cells use for energy. However, the levels of this sugar must be kept in balance in order to avoid potential problems. To do this, the pancreas produces insulin, a hormone which controls the glucose production and expenditure. However, due to a combination of factors, the immune system might start attacking the insulin-producing cells in the pancreas, resulting in the development of diabetes, a serious disease which can have fatal consequences.
Here are the main causes of high blood sugar levels:
- Hormonal imbalance;
- Frequent infections;
- Certain medications;
- No physical activity.
When the blood sugar levels are high for a prolonged period, they can damage the blood vessels and cause further problems. High blood sugar levels can cause a stroke, kidney failure and loss of eyesight, as well as nerve problems in the skin which can result in sores or infections. This is why it’s important to recognize the symptoms of high blood sugar levels on time, and you can see the list below.
Numbness and tingling in the arms and legs
Numbness and tingling in the arms and legs is one of the earliest symptoms of diabetes and occurs due to the damage in the nerves in the limbs.
Low blood sugar levels will make you constantly hungry. This can lead to overeating and obesity, another disease related to diabetes.
A frequent urge to urinate
If you’re feeling the need to urinate often, you might be suffering from high blood sugar levels.
High glucose levels in the body can also make you thirsty all the time, and is one of the biggest indicators of diabetes.
When the body cells don’t receive sufficient amounts of glucose, the cells won’t be able to function as they should, resulting in overall weakness and fatigue.
Sudden weight loss or gain
Low sugar levels in the blood can make the body burn muscle instead of fat, resulting in sudden weight loss. High glucose levels have also been associated with weight gain, so if you’re suddenly gained or lost weight, you might want to visit your doctor.
Loss of focus
Any kind of imbalance in the body including the blood sugar levels can cause loss of focus and memory problems as well.
Slow healing of wounds
As we already mentioned, high glucose levels can damage the nerves, resulting in very slow healing of cuts and wounds.
Blurry vision and dizziness
Sudden dizziness and blurry vision is not to be ignored as it’s one of the most widely recognized symptoms of high blood sugar levels and diabetes.